Today, advances in technology have allowed coal to improve living conditions with its current role in meeting man’s fuel needs. Coal has been used extensively in power generation where better technology is employed to ensure that there is a balance between ecology and economics in producing sustainable and affordable energy. Some of its advantages include reliability, affordability, abundance, known technologies, safety, and efficiency.
Petrochemicals, which are manufactured from crude oil and natural gas liquids, are used to produce thousands of products that make 21st century life possible. Everything not made from rocks, plants, other living things or metal is made from petrochemicals. This includes everything made of plastic.
Petrochemicals make possible many innovations and benefits for society. They are used to make medications and medical devices that treat you when you’re ill. They are the building blocks for body armor and other high-tech materials, which are used to protect police officers, firefighters and the men and women in our armed forces. They are key raw materials that keep you safe while driving in your car, and make modern communications possible. In fact, regardless of how you’re viewing this website — on a desktop computer, laptop or smart phone — the viewing device is made from petrochemicals.
Natural gas, the cleanest fossil fuel, is a highly efficient form of energy. It is composed chiefly of methane; the simple chemical composition of natural gas is a molecule of one carbon atom and four hydrogen atoms (CH4). When methane is burned completely, the principal products of combustion are carbon dioxide and water vapor. Natural gas’ advantages over other fuels include the following: it has fewer impurities, it is less chemically complex, and its combustion generally results in less pollution. In most applications, using natural gas produces less of the following substances than oil or coal: carbon dioxide (CO2), which is the primary greenhouse gas; sulfur dioxide, which is the primary precursor of acid rain; nitrogen oxides, which is the primary precursor of smog; and particulate matter, which can affect health and visibility; than oil or coal. Technological progress allows cleaner energy production than ever for all fuels, although the inherent cleanliness of gas means that environmental controls on gas equipment, if required, tend to be far less expensive than those for other fuels.
There are many methods that can be used to deliver these products to Canadians, but pipelines are a safe and environmentally-friendly way of transporting oil and gas over long distances. In fact, transmission pipelines deliver 97 per cent of Canada’s onshore oil and gas from producing regions to markets throughout Canada and the United States. Pipelines transport natural gas in a way that minimizes the effect on the environment, and while other forms of transportation are possible, pipelines are the safest source available for transporting large quantities of natural gas. Natural gas is an important resource in the U.S., and when managed responsibly, it can remain the best clean option for energy, with the environment and our communities as priority one.
While many of the products from the industry, such as detergents, soaps and perfumes, are purchased directly by the consumer, 70% of chemicals manufactured are used to make products by other industries including other branches of the chemical industry itself. The industry uses a wide range of raw materials, from air and minerals to oil.With increasing competition worldwide, innovation remains crucial in finding new ways for the industry to satisfy its increasingly sophisticated, demanding and environmentally-conscious consumers.